Your guide to different types of driving licenses in India


24 Nov 2023

Exploring Different Types of Indian Driving Licenses

Discover the comprehensive guide to different types of driving licenses in India. From two-wheeler insurance policy to Indian driving licenses, we cover it all. Learn about the various license types in India and get valuable insights for a seamless driving experience. Plus, explore how Kotak bike insurance can protect you on the road. Get informed and stay protected today!

Types of driving licenses in India

To ensure road safety and lawfulness, different types of driving licenses are issued based on the type of vehicle you intend to operate. Understanding these license types is essential for all Indian drivers. In this guide, we'll explore the various types of driving licenses in India.

  1. Learner's License (LL):

A Learner's License is the first step towards becoming a full-fledged driver. It is issued to individuals who are at least 16 years old for two-wheelers with an engine capacity of up to 50cc, and 18 years old for other vehicles. Learner's Licenses are valid for six months and allow you to practice driving under the supervision of a person with a valid driving license.

  1. Permanent Driving License (DL):

A Permanent Driving License is what most people think of when they refer to a driving license. It allows you to operate a motor vehicle of the class or description specified in the license. To obtain a Permanent DL, you must be at least 18 years old, hold a valid Learner's License, and pass a driving test. These licenses are typically valid for 20 years from the date of issue.

  1. Commercial Driving License (CDL):

A Commercial Driving License is mandatory for individuals who wish to drive commercial vehicles like taxis, trucks, and buses. To apply for a CDL, you must be at least 20 years old and have held a valid Permanent DL for at least one year. CDLs are typically valid for three years and require a medical fitness certificate.

  1. International Driving Permit (IDP):

An International Driving Permit is essential for Indian citizens planning to drive in foreign countries. It is a translation of your Indian driving license into multiple languages, making it easier for international authorities to understand your qualifications. An IDP is valid for one year.

  1. Two-wheeler license:

If you intend to operate only two-wheelers, you can obtain a Two-Wheeler License. This license is suitable for those who don't intend to drive cars or other types of vehicles. The process for obtaining a Two-Wheeler License is similar to that of a Permanent DL.

  1. Four-wheeler license:

Conversely, if you wish to drive only cars or other four-wheeled vehicles, you can apply for a Four-Wheeler License. It allows you to operate vehicles with non-transport classifications. The eligibility criteria and application process are comparable to those of a Permanent DL.

It is crucial to note that possessing a valid driving license is a prerequisite for availing of two-wheeler insurance or four-wheeler insurance policies like Kotak Bike Insurance. Insurance companies require proof of a valid license to provide coverage in the event of accidents or damages.


Understanding the various Indian driving license is not only essential for lawful driving but also for ensuring that you have the correct license types in India. Whether you're a first-time learner or an experienced driver, knowing the right two-wheeler insurance policy such as Kotak bike insurance is key to a safe and legal driving experience in India.

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Team Kotak GIC

The content of this blog has been created and carefully reviewed by the esteemed team at Kotak General Insurance, with the sole purpose of providing valuable guidance and sharing insights on the importance of general insurance. Our objective is to assist users in making informed decisions when purchasing or renewing insurance policies for their cars, bikes, and health. Our expertly curated information aims to empower our readers with the knowledge they need to protect their valuable assets and financial interests.