Motor Vehicle Amendment Act 2019

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25 May 2023

An Overview of the Motor Vehicle Amendment Act 2019:Reforms in Traffic Laws and Penalties

The primary objective of the Motor Vehicle Act 2019 is to strengthen road safety, provide a deterrent against traffic violations and regulate the transport sector. Key changes brought about by the Act include increased penalties for violations such as not wearing a seatbelt or helmet, rash driving, and driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

Here are the provisions of the Motor Vehicle Amendment Act 2019:

Sl. No.

Offence

Old penalty amount as per 1988 Motor Vehicle Act

New penalty amount as per the Motor Vehicle Amendment Act 2019

01

Driving without valid permit

Up to Rs. 5,000

Up to 6-month imprisonment, community service and/or Rs. 10,000 penalty

02

Unauthorised use of the vehicle without valid license

Rs. 1,000

Rs. 1,000 to Rs. 5,000

03

Seizing vehicles without lawful authority

Rs. 500

Rs. 5,000

04

Speeding

Rs. 500

For 1st time: 1-month imprisonment, community service and/or Rs. 5,000 penalty

 

Subsequent incidents: 1-month imprisonment, and/or Rs. 10,000 penalty

05

Violation of road regulations

Rs. 100

Rs. 500

06

Officers' authority to seize papers

Not applicable

License suspension

07

Oversized vehicles

Not applicable

Community service and/or Rs. 5,000 – Rs. 10,000 penalties

08

Overloading on two-wheeled vehicles

Not applicable

Rs. 1000 per extra rider

09

Overloading

Rs. 2,000 + Rs. 1,000 per extra ton of weight

Rs. 2,000 + Rs. 2,000 per extra ton of weight

10

Over-speeding

Rs. 400

For LMVs: Rs. 1,000 – Rs. 2,000
For MPVs or HPVs: Rs. 2,000 – Rs. 4,000 and/or license impounding

11

Accident-related offences

Not applicable

For 1st time: Up to 6-month imprisonment, and/or up to Rs. 5,000 penalty

 

Subsequent incidents: Up to 1-year imprisonment, and/or Rs. 10,000 penalty

12

Offenses committed by law enforcement

Not applicable

Twice the penalty defined under the relevant slab

13

Juvenile offences

Not applicable

The car's guardian/owner will be held responsible.

 

3 years in jail with an Rs. 25,000 fine and a 12-month suspension of the car's registration.

 

The juvenile driver will face charges under the 2015 Juvenile Justice Act.

14

Free traffic flow obstruction

Rs. 50

Rs. 500

15

No helmet while driving

Rs. 100

License disqualification for 3 months and/or Rs. 10,000 penalty, community service

16

Obstructing emergency vehicles

Not applicable

Rs. 10,000 penalty and/or community service

17

No seat belt

Rs. 2,000

Rs. 1,000 penalty and/or community service

18

Drunk driving

Rs. 2000

For 1st time: 6-month to 1-year imprisonment, and/or Rs. 10,000 penalty

 

Subsequent incidents: 2-year imprisonment, and/or Rs. 15,000 penalty

19

No insurance

Rs. 1,000 and/or 3-month punishment

For 1st time: Up to 3-month imprisonment, and/or Rs. 2,000 penalty

 

Subsequent incidents: Up to 3-month imprisonment, and/or Rs. 4,000 penalty

20

No license

Rs. 500

Rs. 5000 and/or community service

21

Driving when physically/mentally unfit

For 1st time: Rs. 200

 

Subsequent incidents: Rs. 500

For 1st time: Rs. 1000

 

Subsequent incidents: Rs. 2000

22

Driving with disqualified license

Rs. 500

Rs. 10,000 penalty and/or community service

23

Disobedience of authority orders

Rs. 500

Rs. 2000

24

Dangerous driving

Rs. 1000

For 1st time: 6-month to 1-year imprisonment, license seizure and/or Rs. 1,000 – Rs. 5,000 penalty

 

Subsequent incidents: 2-year imprisonment, and/or Rs. 10,000 penalty

25

Aggregators

Not applicable

Rs. 25,000 – Rs. 1,00,000

26

General traffic offences in India:

For 1st time: Rs. 100

 

Subsequent incidents: Rs. 300

For 1st time: Rs. 500

 

Subsequent incidents: Rs. 1,500

 

How does it affect you?

Here’s how the Motor Vehicle Amendment Act 2019 affects you:

1. Increase in accident compensation

2. Quicker vehicle registration processes

3. Faster online application for license

4. Enhanced PUC rules

5. E-challans are introduced.

Conclusion

We have seen that the new provisions of the Motor Vehicle Act 2019, as well as its existing provisions that were not amended, are an important step toward road safety. A few of the provisions, like a higher penalty for not having car insurance or bike insurance, have been long awaited. This legislation will make it clearer what is expected of drivers and should, if enforced properly and stringently, help reduce the number of fatalities on Indian roads.


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Team Kotak GIC

The content of this blog has been created and carefully reviewed by the esteemed team at Kotak General Insurance, with the sole purpose of providing valuable guidance and sharing insights on the importance of general insurance. Our objective is to assist users in making informed decisions when purchasing or renewing insurance policies for their cars, bikes, and health. Our expertly curated information aims to empower our readers with the knowledge they need to protect their valuable assets and financial interests.