All about car suspension


04 Aug 2023

Read All about car suspension. For more information, check out the car insurance policy from Kotak General Insurance.

Someone who regularly uses a car won't overlook the suspension. In the long run, it helps in avoiding serious conditions like chronic back problems by reducing the number of uncomfortable jerks in your car during a tough road trip. Although being one of the most crucial components of an automobile, car suspensions are sometimes ignored or given no consideration at all.

This blog will provide a thorough explanation of car suspension as well as how various forms of suspension function in general.

What does a car suspension do?

A group of parts that attach a car's wheels to the body of the vehicle is known as the suspension system. Its only function is to maintain the vehicle's balance by absorbing any external jerks placed on the wheels as a result of road imperfections like potholes, speed bumps, etc. A car suspension serves two main purposes, to put it simply. The first is to enhance the ride quality of a car by absorbing the impact of road irregularities, and the second is to guarantee that the tires are always in touch with the road under all driving circumstances.

Car suspension parts

Three main components, each serving a particular set of purposes, make up a car suspension.

• Spring - The main function of a spring in a car suspension is to attenuate or absorb any impacts or shocks that the wheels encounter when traveling on highways. In order to keep the wheels firmly planted on the ground, it is essential.

• Damper or shock absorber - As their name suggests, shock absorbers attenuate or absorb the oscillation or up-and-down movement of the springs. Shock absorbers use the compressive qualities of the hydraulic fluids inside them to counteract the forces applied to them by the springs.

• Anti-Roll Bar - The anti-roll bar, sometimes referred to as the anti-sway bar, is a vital component of a car's suspension system that helps lessen body roll when turning or driving over uneven terrain.

How does the suspension of a car work?

To comprehend how a car suspension functions, take note of the points listed below.

• Force dissipation is the basis for the working principle of car suspension.

• It includes transforming the force into heat to lessen its impact on the body of the vehicle.

• Springs, shock absorbers, and struts are a few of the parts used in the suspension system to provide the dampening effect.

Types of car suspension

• Coil spring - In both front and rear suspensions, coil springs are the most used form of suspension. They consist of a tube with steel wire around it that is joined to a spring mount that is located on top of the chassis of your automobile.

• Torsion bars - The front of your car has torsion bars that attach to the frame there. Two springs are linked to each torsion bar, one at each end, and these are often the strongest springs now in use.

• Macpherson struts - Macpherson suspensions employ a functional and strong strut to regulate a wheel's movement. The wheel hub and the automobile body are both attached to the strut.

• Independent suspension system - Modern automobiles most frequently employ an independent suspension system. The spring, shock absorber, or solid axle that each wheel is attached to. This makes it possible to line the wheels more precisely, which enhances handling at high speeds.


The suspension system of a car is a crucial component that makes the long drive smooth and comfortable. When a car suspension malfunctions, you should get it fixed as soon as possible and avoid any mishaps or harmful jerks. A good car insurance policy can protect your funds in the case of an accident, much like how a car's suspension is essential to making it comfortable to drive, offering better control.

Visit Kotak General Insurance for More Information.

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Team Kotak GIC

The content of this blog has been created and carefully reviewed by the esteemed team at Kotak General Insurance, with the sole purpose of providing valuable guidance and sharing insights on the importance of general insurance. Our objective is to assist users in making informed decisions when purchasing or renewing insurance policies for their cars, bikes, and health. Our expertly curated information aims to empower our readers with the knowledge they need to protect their valuable assets and financial interests.